Drymarchon corais couperi
  • Average size:  60-74 inches; Record 103.5 inches.  Young are 19-24 inches at
  • Range:  Peninsular Florida, with a few isolated populations in the Florida
    panhandle and north Key Largo, however nowhere are they abundant.
  • Diet:  Snakes, including rattlesnakes, cottonmouth moccasins and copperheads,
    frogs, salamanders, toads, small mammals, birds, and occasionally young turtles.
  • Status:  It has full protection as a threatened species in Florida.  It is illegal to
    harass, harm, capture, keep, or kill an eastern indigo snake without specific
    state and/or federal permits.  This is the largest of Florida snakes and requires a
    relatively large area of undeveloped land.  In one study, four male snakes
    averaged 470 acres for their spring/summer activity ranges; one individual used a
    territory of 1,400 acres.  Habitat for indigos are becoming more and more
    fragmented by roads and development.  This is one reason for the population
    decline.  Some are killed by uninformed people that have no idea that this snake
    eats venomous pit vipers such as: rattlesnakes, cottonmouth moccasins and
    copperheads.  Rattlesnake hunters often use the gassing method, a practice that
    is illegal, to flush rattlesnakes out of gopher holes.  I'm sure this has an adverse
    affect on not only indigos and gophers, but on any other animal that uses these
    holes.  Education is the key to preserving such a majestic snake.
Eastern Indigo Snake
Florida Backyard Snakes
The above photos were taken by R. D. Bartlett.  Dick and Patricia
Bartlett have written many books on Reptiles and Amphibians including
my personal favorite "Florida's Snakes, A Guide to Their Identification
and Habits"